Study reveals there are five distinct types of diabetes

04 March, 2018, 01:57 | Author: Darrell Lopez
  • Study reveals there are five distinct types of diabetes

"The most insulin resistant patients (Group 3) have the most to gain from the new diagnostics as they are the ones who are now most incorrectly treated", says Professor Leif Groop.

Diabetes that begins in adulthood falls into five distinct categories, new research has revealed, with scientists suggesting it is time to ditch the idea that diabetes is largely split into two types. They came up with instead of five subtypes, which are classified on the basis of the development of the disease and its complications.

They found different disease profiles were also present in these patients, including three severe and two mild forms of the disease.

For many years, diabetes cases have largely been classified as either type 1 or type 2.

Researchers in Sweden and Finland have classified five distinct types of diabetes that can occur in adulthood, instead of the two now recognized.

By analysing 13,270 diabetics, . the study identified three...

Now just over six people in every hundred have diabetes in the county - a shade under the national average of 6.6 but enough, says Diabetes UK, to cause concern.

"Type 1 diabetes isn't now preventable, but three in five cases of Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with a healthy lifestyle and better understanding of the condition". Type 2 diabetes - usually diagnosed in adults - develops when the body can not produce enough insulin the right way.

The study was carried out by researchers from Lund University, Uppsala University and the University of Gothenburg in Sweden; and Vaasa Health Centre and the University of Helsinki in Finland.




Cluster 3: Severe insulin-resistant diabetes is mostly linked to obesity.

The researchers analysed certain characteristics - such as body weight, blood sugar control and presence of antibodies - against the likelihood of disease complications and need for insulin.

A further 12.3 million people are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, according to the charity's analysis. I only have to look at my mum's workload to see that: as a diabetes specialist nurse, she's busier than ever, supporting patients throughout day to day management of their condition and some of the more serious complications of the disease, from blindness to kidney failure and limb amputation.

And the final group, mild age-related diabetes, is the largest group, with 40 per cent of all patients, and consists mostly of elderly patients.

The authors noted that more research is needed on the issue.

Severe autoimmune diabetes (SAID): this tended to start at a younger age, in people with a relatively low BMI, poor blood sugar control, insulin deficiency and GADA. New research confirms that in general it's most commonly diagnosed in the young. The new substratification might help to tailor and target early treatment to those who would benefit most. Cluster 3 (n = 1,373) was characterized by severe insulin resistance and high BMI, whereas cluster 4 (n = 1,942) was characterized by obesity, but not insulin resistance.

The researchers are also planning to launch similar studies in China and India with people of different ethnic backgrounds.

In the same way that a patient requiring a transfusion must receive the right blood type, diabetes sub-types need different treatments, the study suggested.

Recommended:

  • Stephanie McMahon's Slap to Ronda Rousey Reportedly Legitimate

    Stephanie McMahon's Slap to Ronda Rousey Reportedly Legitimate

    Fans of both wrestling and mixed martial arts will tune into to see what is next for Rousey. Check out her message below, that recaps what happened over the last two nights.
    Two dead, gunman at large in school shooting at Central Michigan University

    Two dead, gunman at large in school shooting at Central Michigan University

    The college's spring break starts today so lots of students were being picked up and leaving today. Two people are confirmed dead, the victims were not students of Central Michigan University.
    How Exactly Did Melania Trump Get a Visa for

    How Exactly Did Melania Trump Get a Visa for "Extraordinary Abilities"?

    The former model had been featured in runway shows in Europe and had been included in the swimsuit edition of Sports Illustrated . The first lady in 2001 was given a green card through the elite EB-1 program, The Washington Post reported.
  • McMaster Could Leave White House by End of Month

    McMaster Could Leave White House by End of Month

    McMaster has a history of clashing with president Trump on major policy matters, including the strategy for Iran and Afghanistan. Meanwhile, Ford Motor Company Vice President Stephen Biegun is reportedly regarded as a leading candidate to succeed McMaster.
    Jared Kushner's security clearance downgraded

    Jared Kushner's security clearance downgraded

    In 2012, the Kushners and Steinmetz joined forces to buy almost $200 million of apartment buildings in the NY metropolitan area. At the time of Porter's resignation, he access to White House information while operating on an interim security clearance .
    Iraqi court sentences 16 to death over Daesh links

    Iraqi court sentences 16 to death over Daesh links

    It was only in December 2017 that the Iraqi forces finally announced the complete liberation of Iraq from ISIS militants. Defense lawyers also argued militant husbands either tricked or forced their wives into traveling to Iraq and Syria.
  • Mark Carney calls for regulation of 'failing' cryptocurrencies

    Mark Carney calls for regulation of 'failing' cryptocurrencies

    Carney said that bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies are "failing" in their key objectives and called for regulation of the space. Known as the blockchain, this is essentially a digital ledger of all transactions that can not be tampered with or altered.
    Varicose Veins Tied To Increased Risk Of Blood Clots

    Varicose Veins Tied To Increased Risk Of Blood Clots

    Varicose veins can also happen during pregnancy, when hormonal and circulatory changes may bring about enlarged veins in the legs. They happen when the valves in the veins separate, enabling blood to stream in reverse and gather at specific focuses.
    Apple Inc. Working On Own Over-Ear Headphones: Kuo

    Apple Inc. Working On Own Over-Ear Headphones: Kuo

    Apple has some very popular headphones on the market already with its Beats subsidiary being one of the hottest brands out there. According to Kuo, the iPhone maker wants the headphones to offer high-quality sound and be "convenient" like AirPods as well.
  • YouTube faces lawsuit after allegedly refusing to hire white or Asian males

    YouTube faces lawsuit after allegedly refusing to hire white or Asian males

    It is important to note that as of 2017 , 69% of Google's total workforce was male, a slight decrease from 70% in 2014 . After Damore was terminated, he and another white engineer filed a discrimination lawsuit against his former employer.
    This Is Kim Kardashian West's Favorite Thing About Being a Celebrity

    This Is Kim Kardashian West's Favorite Thing About Being a Celebrity

    In the clip, Kim can be seen passing her daughter to little sister Kylie who preciously cradles the bundle of joy. Others pointed out that the young child looked like Kim, with one posting: "She looks like you Kim, so lovely ".
    Kasich issues emergency declaration over OH  flooding

    Kasich issues emergency declaration over OH flooding

    Water levels at the Lower gauge forecast to crest at 67.4 feet by Monday afternoon, which is still in the moderate flood category. The floodwaters are still rising and crews are working hard to keep the raging Ohio River at bay.


Popular

Woods to play at Valspar Championship, Arnold Palmer Invitational
For the sake of comparison, in his last two truly healthy years (2012-13) Woods also played five tournaments prior to the Masters. It's just great to see him back. . "How high he can get, I don't know, but I wouldn't be shocked at all if he made a run".

WWE erases doubt regarding Brock Lesnar's status
Lesnar's last go at UFC was against Mark Hunt at UFC 200, when he was allowed by WWE to have one fight. Not to mention WWE should use Lesnar's absence as a chance to push new stars to the main event scene.

REI halts future orders from gun conglomerate
CamelBak is based in Petaluma, Calif., apart from its Utah parent, and sought on Thursday to distance itself from Vista Outdoor. Vista also manufactures and sells guns and ammunition, including rifles under brand names such as Savage Arms.

Trump wants daughter, son-in-Law out of White House
It's just as well; as Meyers points out, Kushner's new security clearance level sure doesn't sound like much of an asset. The White House, however, maintained that the meeting was strictly diplomatic.

1.5M 'rare penguins' discovered in Antarctica
It included the third and fourth-largest Adelie penguin colonies in the world. That's more than the rest of the Antarctic Peninsula combined.

ASUS ZenFone 5 hands-on: This iPhone X runs Android
Jargon aside, it essentially ensures the battery doesn't overcharge and based on your sleeping schedule, tops it up in sessions. We know it's confirmed for the United Kingdom , but we've yet to hear any news about Australia, the USA or any other markets.

North Korea to send athletes to next month's Paralympics in South Korea
For the opening ceremony, the North sent Kim Yo Jong, the younger sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong Un. Pyongyang mounted a charm offensive during the Games, sending athletes, cheerleaders and performers.

Rain and storms tonight; a pleasant finish to the weekend
Periods of heavy rain possible Sunday , with scattered showers throughout the day and highs in the mid to upper 70s. The National Weather Service calls for a mostly cloudy and warm day with a high of 78 degrees.

Ernesto Valverde 'still surprised' by Lionel Messi
But, Messi worked his magic dancing around several defenders to get into a better position and then hammered home the goal. It was Barca's 32nd league game unbeaten, a club record surpassing the one set by Guardiola's side in 2011.

Democrats failing to endorse Dianne Feinstein gives progressive push
However, he too failed to earn the 60 percent support needed to win the endorsement Saturday at Democrats' annual convention. So far, the GOP hasn't fielded a major candidate, leaving most Republicans in the PPIC survey to say they were undecided.