Brandeis University professors win 2017 Nobel Prize for Medicine

04 October, 2017, 00:24 | Author: Darrell Lopez
  • Who was Alfred Nobel the Swedish scientist behind the Nobel Prize

"I really had some trouble getting my shoes on this morning".

"It took my breath away, literally". During the day, the protein degrades in accordance with the insects' sleep-wake cycle.

Announcing the winners in Stockholm on 2 October, the prize committee said the discoveries acted as a good reminder of the importance of keeping a healthy sleep pattern, in keeping with the natural patterns of day and night. The Nobel Committee does not publish a list of nominees and they have never done it in their 116-year history.

The prizes often go to teams working together, and never to more than three living people.

This has proved to be instrumental in figuring out what happens when the circadian rhythms don't work properly, and also in figuring out about bigger medical complications and disorders as such insomnia, depression, and even heart disease.

(L-R) Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young Winners of the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Three American scientists received the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their research on the work of internal biological clocks in organisms. Actually, Circadian rhythms adapt the workings of the body according to different phases of the day, thus influencing sleep, behavior, hormone levels, metabolism and body temperature.

And it all started with fruit flies.

They showed that mutations in an unknown gene, which they named "period", disrupted the internal clock of flies - but little was known about how this actually worked in practise.

"I am very pleased for the field".

Hall, 72, is a professor emeritus of biology, while Rosbach, 73, is a professor of biology, both from Brandeis University in Boston. Young provided the breakthrough in 1994, when he discovered what he called the timeless gene. This gene was undiscovered until the 1970s when a researchers determined its existence and named it the Period gene. "He represents the best of our science community, which combines original, rigorous research with the engagement of undergraduate and graduate students, doctoral candidates and postdocs, all interacting in what is sometimes a magical collaboration". Researchers have learned that body clocks are important to health in a variety of ways.



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